The Moon Pyramid of Teotihuacan

The Moon Pyramid of Teotihuacan

The Pyramids of Teotihuacan are one of the most significant archaeological sites in Mexico, located about 30 miles northeast of Mexico City. The ancient city of Teotihuacan was established around 200 BCE and was one of the largest and most influential pre-Columbian cities in the Americas, with a population estimated to have been over 100,000 at its peak.

The most famous structures in Teotihuacan are the pyramids of the Sun and the Moon, which are situated at the centre of the city along the Avenue of the Dead. The Pyramid of the Sun is the third-largest pyramid in the world, standing at 216 feet tall, while the Pyramid of the Moon is slightly smaller at 140 feet tall. Both pyramids were constructed using stone and adobe brick and were adorned with intricate carvings and murals.

The purpose of these pyramids is still a matter of debate among archaeologists and historians, but it is believed that they were religious and ceremonial centres for the city’s inhabitants. The pyramids were likely used for various rituals, including human sacrifices, as evidenced by the discovery of sacrificial victims and offerings.

Today, the Pyramids of Teotihuacan are a popular tourist destination and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors can climb to the top of the pyramids for a breath-taking view of the surrounding landscape and explore the ancient ruins of the city. The Pyramids of Teotihuacan continue to be an important symbol of Mexico’s rich cultural heritage and a testament to the ingenuity and architectural prowess of its ancient inhabitants.

The Magnet from Teotihuacan

The magnet from the historic city of Teotihuacan is quite unique. While it represents the Moon Pyramid in all its glory, the smaller details of the magnet are what make it fascinating. 

The magnet is tactile and the smaller details like the sculpted steps make it a realistic depiction of the pyramid in Teotihuacan. It is obviously shaped like the pyramid with many important details that have been included in this miniature

The steps that of the pyramid are beautifully emulated in the magnet and even the levels of the pyramid are very clearly visible. The dark grooves that highlight the shape of the steps in the centre of the magnet are similar to how the steps look. 

At the centre of the magnet is a beautiful depiction of a native of the bygone era. The figure seems to be that of a warrior and is sporting a dramatic headgear which, as evidence has it, was quite popular at the time.
The intricacy of the magnet is such that the face of the warrior is also visible. The side profile of the face with the strap of the headdress makes it a great depiction of what the warriors of the period wore.

The shape and edges of the magnet are exactly like the shape of the pyramid and it even depicts the stones that were used to build these massive structures. The top part of the magnet, like the pyramid is tapered. But even in a small space, the grooves of the steps can be seen. The smaller grooves in the magnet could be representative of the deterioration of the pyramid caused over time.

The magnet is a beautiful representation of the Moon Pyramid and the culture of the ancient city of Teotihuacan. One of the most fascinating things about the ancient city is that, at the height of its civilisations, it was the largest city in the western hemisphere. The reason for its abandonment has never been made evident. Was it war, disease or internal political conflict that led the people to abandon the city?

Exploring Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan is a UNESCO World Heritage site located about 30 miles northeast of modern-day Mexico City. Apart from the pyramids, there are several things to explore in Teotihuacan, including:

  1. Avenue of the Dead: This main road runs through Teotihuacan and is lined with important buildings and structures, including the pyramids, temples, and palaces.
  2. Temples: Teotihuacan has several temples, including the Temple of the Feathered Serpent, which is adorned with intricate carvings and murals.
  3. Murals: The ancient city is renowned for its colourful and intricate murals, which can be found in several of the temples and palaces.
  4. Museum: The Teotihuacan Museum, located near the entrance to the archaeological site, contains a collection of artefacts from the site, including pottery, jewellery, and sculptures. It is an excellent place to learn more about the history and culture of Teotihuacan.
  5. The Citadel: Located near the southern end of Teotihuacan, the Citadel is a vast complex believed to have served as the administrative and military centre of the city. The Citadel features a large plaza, a temple, and several residential structures.
  6. Underground Tunnels: Teotihuacan has a network of underground tunnels that were probably used for ceremonial purposes. Visitors can explore some of these tunnels and admire the intricate carvings and murals that adorn the walls. One of the most well-known tunnels runs beneath the Temple of the Feathered Serpent. 
  7. Palace of the Jaguars: Located near the Temple of the Feathered Serpent, this palace features a courtyard surrounded by rooms with jaguar-themed murals.
  8. Plaza of the Sun: This large plaza in front of the Pyramid of the Sun was likely used for ceremonial purposes.
  9. Plaza of the Moon: This plaza in front of the Pyramid of the Moon was also probably used for ceremonial purposes.
  10. Residential Areas: The Tetitla and Zacuala complexes are open to visitors and offer a glimpse of the ancient city’s residential areas.
  11. Marketplaces: Teotihuacan had several marketplaces, including the Plaza of the Feathered Serpent.
  12. Adosada Platform: Located near the Pyramid of the Sun, this platform features intricate carvings and sculptures.
  13. Quetzalpapalotl Palace: This palace near the Citadel displays several rooms with elaborate murals.
  14. La Ciudadela Market: Located within the Citadel, this market was likely used for trading.

Exploring the city is a wonderful experience and a must for every history buff. The evidence of the ancient civilisation and understanding their way of life is quite fascinating. Exploring the entire Teotihuacan area can take a full day – more if you spend more time in the museums.